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展开全部 约翰·斯诺,英国麻醉学家、流行学家,被认为是麻醉医学和公共卫生医学的开拓者。首次提出预防霍乱的措施,对1854年伦敦西部西敏市苏活区霍乱爆发的研究被认为是流行病学研究的先驱。斯诺1813年3月15日生于英国约克,1856年6月16日卒于伦敦。1827年当外科医生的学徒。1836年起,在伦敦威斯敏斯特医院学习。1843年获伦敦大学学士学位,次年获博士学位。1846年,乙醚作为一种麻醉剂引入时,他立刻进行实验并基于生理原理为这种药物的临床使用发明了相应的装置,临床演示成功后得到推广应用。他成为英国最早的麻醉师。1847年J.Y.辛普森建议应用氯仿作为麻醉药后,斯诺为其使用研制了新设备。斯诺从1831年从事医学活动起就注意对霍乱的调查研究。1854年,伦敦霍乱流行。当时,许多医生相信霍乱和天花是由“瘴气”或从污水及其他不卫生的东西中产生的有害物所引起的。而斯诺通过调查证明霍乱由被粪便污染的水传播,他认为霍乱是由一种能繁殖的由水传播的活细胞所致。他提供了一份流行病学文件,证明了霍乱的流行来源于百老大街(Broad Street)的水泵。他推荐几种实用的预防措施,如清洗肮脏的衣被,洗手和将水烧开饮用等,效果良好。约翰·斯诺的代表著作有:《论乙醚》、《论氯仿》、《论霍乱的传染方式》等。www.shufadashi.com*??*?

求文艺复兴时期画家“波德诺内”的详细资料

here soon afterwards,in 1539,he died,not without suspicion of poison.His later works are comparatively careless and superficial;and generally he is better in male figures than in female-the ...

急需doctor John Snow的资料

展开全部 约翰·斯诺,英国麻醉学家、流行学家,被认为是麻醉医学和公共卫生医学的开拓者。首次提出预防霍乱的措施,对1854年伦敦西部西敏市苏活区霍乱爆发的研究被认为是流行病学研究的先驱。斯诺1813年3...

A Modest Proposal...

and it is exactly at one year old that I propose to provide for them in such a manner as instead of being a charge upon their parents or the parish,or wanting food and raiment for the rest ...

展开全部 英文名:PordenoneGolgotha,by Pordenone,Cathedral of Cremona.Il Pordenone,byname of Giovanni Antonio de' Sacchis(c.1483-1539)was an Italian painter of the Venetian school.Vasari,his main biographer,identifies him as Giovanni Antonio Licinio.[edit]BiographyHe was commonly named Il Pordenone from having been born in 1483 at Corticelli,a village near Pordenone in Friuli.He ultimately dropped the name of Licinio,having quarrelled with his brothers,one of whom had wounded him in the hand;he then called himself Regillo,or De Regillo.His signature runs Antonius Portunaensis,or De Portunaonis.He was created a cavaliere by Charles V.As a painter Pordenone was a scholar of Pellegrino da S.Daniele,but a leading influence of his style was Giorgione;the popular story that he was a fellow-pupil with Titian under Giovanni Bellini is false.The district about Pordenone had been somewhat fertile in capable painters;but Pordenone is the best known,a vigorous chiaroscurist and flesh painter.The 1911 Britannica states that"so far as mere flesh-painting is concerned he was barely inferior to Titian in breadth,pulpiness and tone".The two were rivals for a time,and Licinio would sometimes affect to wear arms while he was painting.He excelled in portraits;he was equally at home in fresco and in oil-color.He executed many works in Pordenone and elsewhere in Friuli,Cremona,and Venice;at one time he settled in Piacenza,where one of his most celebrated church pictures,St.Catherine disputing with the Doctors in Alexandria is located;the figure of St.Paul in connection with this picture is his own portrait.He was invited by Duke Ercole II of Ferrara to court;here soon afterwards,in 1539,he died,not without suspicion of poison.His later works are comparatively careless and superficial;and generally he is better in male figures than in female-the latter being somewhat too sturdy-and the composition of his subject-pictures is scarcely on a level with their other merits.Pordenone appears to have been a vehement self-asserting man,to which his style as a painter corresponds.Three of his principal pupils were Bernardino Licinio,named Il Sacchiense,his son-in-law Pomponio Amalteo,and Giovanni Maria Calderari.[edit]Partial anthology of worksStudy of the Martyrdom of Saint Peter Martyr",(1526,John Paul Getty Museum)Saint Bonaventure,(National Gallery,London)[1]Saint Louis of Toulouse",(National Gallery,London)[2]Saints Prosdocimus&St.Peter(1516,North Carolina Museum of Art,Raleigh).Golgotha(1520-21,fresco,Cathedral of Cremona)Madonna and Child Enthroned with Saints(c.1525,Parish church,Susegana,Treviso)[3]St Lorenzo Giustiniani and Other Saints(1532,originally in S.Maria dell' Orto,now Gallerie dell'Accademia,Venice)Madonna and Child enthroned with Saints(1525)Saint Martin and Saint Christopher(1528-29,Church of San Rocco,Venice)San Lorenzo Giustiniani&Two Friars with Saints(1532,Galleria dell'Accademia,Florence)Saints Sebastian,Roch and Catherine(1535,Church of San Giovanni Elemosinario,Venice)[4].Madonna and Child Enthroned with Saints(1525,Parish Church,Grandcamp,France).The dispute of Saint Catherine with Pagan Philosophers"(Cathedral of Piacenza)[5]San Gottardo and Saints Sebastian and Rocco(Museo Civico d’Arte,Pordenone)Saint Catherine and Martyrs(Museo Civico di Conegliano)Drawings from Ambrosiana Library,MilanMagi(Treviso Cathedral[6])*www.shufadashi.com*?*?

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